Tooth extraction or Exodontia is the removal of teeth under local anesthesia. The most common reason is when the tooth is extensively decayed and cannot be restored. There are 2 types of extractions one is simple and the other is Surgical. The following are some of the common reasons for extraction of teeth:
- Grossly decayed teeth
- Teeth with severe periodontal/gum disease
- Infected tooth
- Impacted teeth
- Prior to start of orthodontic treatment
- Teeth in the fracture line
Simple extractions are usually performed on teeth that can be easily accessed in the mouth. Surgical extractions are performed when access to the teeth is difficult for example in case of impacted teeth, teeth that are broken below the gum line. An incision is usually placed with surgical extractions and sutures will be required.
The initial healing time of an extraction site is usually 4 weeks. However the first week of care to the extraction site is extremely important to prevent any post-operative complications like dry socket, bleeding, infection etc.
Wisdom Tooth / Oral Surgery
Wisdom teeth erupts in the late teens when one is being considered as acquired enough wisdom and hence the name. These teeth can be a great value when they are in the right position and healthy.
Why Wisdom Teeth Is Removed?
Wisdom Teeth may become an issue, if there is no space for them. As a result, the new growing teeth can erupt in the wrong position. When there is enough space, these Wisdom Teeth can help us chew food. It is very common to feel discomfort when the third molars erupt. However there are many reasons why the Wisdom teeth needs to be removed. Common reason among them include wrong position, no room in the mouth, pain, cyst, tumors, Gum Disease and Tooth Decay.